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Connecting Ojibwe Ecological Knowledge and Climate Change in the Apostle Islands



Gichigami Anishinaabe Endaawaad and Devil's Island

Photo: Cat Techtmann

Acknowledgement in Ojibwemowin Chi Miigwech (A Big Thank You) Gitchi-Manido (the Great Mystery).

Chi Miigwech to Gichigami Anishinaabeg Endaawaad (Big Sea of the Anishinaabe/Ojibwe people or “Lake Superior”), the land, and its beings who speak to those who will listen.

Chi Miigwech to the Lake Superior Ojibwe people whose lands this website features, for their support and guidance. We acknowledge the guidance and contributions of our elders, language speakers, families, friends, and manidoog (spirits) named and unnamed who have inspired, guided, and supported this work.

Chi Miigwech to everyone who guided creation of the Minisan website including:

Melonee Montano-Red Cliff Tribal Member, owner of Fathom Tribal Fire, and Traditional Ecological Knowledge Outreach Specialist-Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC) for her partnership in creating all that is the Minisan website.

Edith Leoso-Bad River Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for website design, content, and project support.

Damon Gezhiibideg Panek-White Earth tribal member for guidance and support with Ojibwe cultural perspectives, language, and website imagery.

Dylan Jennings and Paula Maday, when serving with the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission’s Public Information Office, provided guidance on cultural content and website design.

Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission’s Climate Change Team for sharing traditional ecological knowledge and research published in their "Climate Vulnerability Assessment-Integrating Scientific and Traditional Ecological Knowledge" and Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission’s Public Information Office for support with content, graphics, and website outreach.

The Tribal Adaptation Menu Team, made up of individuals of various backgrounds and agencies who co-authored "Dibaginjigaadeg Anishinaabe Ezhitwaad" (A Tribal Climate Adaption Menu) and shared climate adaptation strategies featured in the Minisan website.

Stephen Handler-Climate Change Specialist, USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station for consultation on the Apostle Island climate vulnerability assessment and the many authors and contributors to the "Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Terrestrial Ecosystems at the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore".

The Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts for “academic” and scientific ecological knowledge and climate maps used in the Minisan website.

Choua Xiong, Nelson Institute of Environmental Studies graduate, for artistic designs and climate change comic resources.

Cathy “Cat” Techtmann, Environmental Outreach State Specialist-University of Wisconsin Madison Division of Extension and Minisan website Project Manager for conceptual website framework, interpretative design and content.

Danielle Croll and Angel Croll for website editing.

Apostle Island National Lakeshore-National Park Service staff.

Balance Studios, Green Bay WI, for website programming and design.

And to all who generously offered guidance on website content, photos, and support. Chi Miigwech!