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Connecting Ojibwe Ecological Knowledge and Climate Change in the Apostle Islands



Glossary of Ojibwemowin (Ojibwe language) Used in Minisan Website

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  • Flower IconLearn how to pronounce the Ojibwe words used in the Minisan website

    The Ojibwe language is called Ojibwemowin. It is the language of the land and Ojibwe people. These words in Ojibwemowin are used in the Minisan website. Click on the website link to learn how to pronounce them.

    Apaakozigan (Bearberry also sometimes called Kinnikinnick)

    Amik (Beaver)

    Asiniig (Rocks)

    Azaadiwag (Quaking aspen)

    Baapaagimaak (Black ash)

    Bakaan ingoji gaa-ondaadag(non-local plant beings or invasive species)

    Ishkode (Fire)

    Gaawaandag (White spruce)

    Gagaagiwanzh (Eastern hemlock)

    Giizhikatig (Northern White Cedar) trees

    Gozigwaakominagaawanzh (Juneberry)

    Indinawemaaganidog (All my relations)

    Izhitwaawin (Knowledge system)

    Ma’iingan (Wolf)

    Manidoog (Spirits)

    Manidoonsag (Little spirits or insects)

    Mashkiig (Swamp and muskeg)

    Mashkiigobagwaaboo (Labrador tea)

    Mashkiigwakamig (Sphagnum moss)

    Memengwaa (Butterfly)

    Miinan (Blueberries)

    Mino-bimaadiziwin (Living a good life)

    Miskwaabiikaang (The place where there is red rock cliffs)

    Mishwaabiimizh (Red osier dogwood)

    Nabagashk (Cattails)

    Nibi (Water)

    Niibaayaandag (Canada yew)

    Ojibwemowin (The Ojibwe language)


    Waabooz(Snowshoe hare)

    Waawaashkeshiwag (White tailed deer)

    Waabashkikiibag (Leatherleaf)

    Wadoop (Speckled or Tag alder)

    Wazhashk (Muskrat)

    Wiigwaasitig (Paper birch)

    Wiigwaasaatigoog (Paper birch trees)

    Wiinizik (Yellow birch)

    Zesegaandag (Black spruce),

    Zhingob (Balsam fir)

    Zhingwaak (Eastern white pine)

Native Ecological Knowledge on Climate Change

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  • Flower IconClimate Vulnerability Assessment - Integrating Scientific and Traditional Ecological Knowledge

    The Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commision (GLIFWC) Vulnerability Assessment focuses on 60 Ceded Territory species (often referred to as “beings”) which were selected for study based on information and interviews provided by tribal elders and harvesters.These results were compiled with Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) gathered through interviews and outreach. The goal is to integrate the TEK and scientific ecological knowledge to create a report integrating these systems of knowledge in a way that is both respectful and complimentary. The Minisan website applies research from the Vulnerability Study to provide Ojibwe perspectives on climate change.

  • Flower IconDibaginjigaadeg Anishinaabe Ezhitwaad (A Tribal Climate Adaptation Menu)

    In the Ojibwe language, Dibaginjigaadeg Anishinaabe Ezhitwaad means Doing Something based on the Anishinaabe Way.The Tribal Adaptation Menu (TAM) is a framework to integrate indigenous and traditional knowledge, culture, language and history into climate adaptation planning. It was developed by a diverse group of collaborators and published by the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. The Minisan website incorporates climate adaptation perspectives and strategies shared in the TAM.

  • Flower IconG-WOW Changing Climate, Changing Culture website

    This interactive website applies the G-WOW model to explore how climate change is affecting all cultures by demonstrating how it is affecting the sustainability of species and habitats that support traditional Ojibwe lifeways. Four seasonal lifeway units, plus a unit on water, integrate indigenous ecological knowledge, place-based evidence, with academic climate research. Using activity guides, users can test their own climate change hypothesis and create a climate action project.This website features additional climate resourcesincluding videos, interactive maps, lesson plans, experiential activities, and games.

Scientific Ecological Knowledge on Climate Change

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  • Flower IconClimate Change Vulnerability Assessment for Terrestrial Ecosystems at Apostle Islands National Lakeshore

    The Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for Terrestrial Ecosystems at Apostle Islands National Lakeshore identifies climate change risks to a variety of terrestrial ecosystems at the park based on academic climate change research. The Minisan website integrates Ojibwe ecological knowledge on climate change and adaptation into recommendations offered in this report.

  • Flower IconWisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts website

    The Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts (WICCI) is a statewide collaboration of scientists and stakeholders formed as a partnership between UW-Madison’s Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. WICCI’s goals are to evaluate climate change impacts on Wisconsin and foster solutions. The Minisan website uses historic climate data and projected changes in climate variables published by WICCI.

Tribal Climate Change Programs

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